The Umbrella Movement
The Umbrella Movement was a pro-democracy political movement that was created spontaneously during the Honk Kong protests in 2014. Though protest leaders say their campaign is not a revolution but a civil- disobedience movement, the name Umbrella Movement stayed. The key symbol of the movement was the umbrella.
world Hong Kong was handed back to China after 155 years of British ruling. The handover agreement, signed in 1984 guaranteed Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy, a deal known as ‘one country, two systems.’ The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has been governed by a chief executive since being handed back to China by the UK in 1997. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has been governed by a chief executive since being handed back to China by the UK in 1997. The chief executive has been selected by a 1,200-member election committee, but in 2007 China pledged elections “by universal suffrage” in 2017. In August, Beijing said that only candidates approved by a selection committee would be allowed to stand, angering pro-democracy activists.
maker Protesters were bringing in umbrellas in bulk and distributing them for free, sleeping under their shelter and writing slogans on them. Bryan Druzin, an assistant professor of law at the Chinese University of Hong Kong said the umbrella was not only a functional but had ‘a certain emblematic resonance in that it;s a symbol of passive resistance’. Hong Kong is a city that periodically takes refuge under umbrellas against seasonal typhoons that threaten the city. The turmoil is another storm Hong Kong is trying to weather’ he said. The umbrella was used to shield protesters from the tear gas and pepper spray deployed by the police.
material It was a strong image with inherent contrast – said Kacey Wong – it’s a soft thing but it’s also very hard in terms of the determination to win the battle.